building bridges 2.jpg



Dear Longhorns,

I really do not know where to begin to thank you for all you have done for us.  We sold our house on June 28th.  Please do not feel bad that we had to do that.  As I said, if you had not been helping us, instead of being able to sell it, the bank would have foreclosed and we would not have been able to get anything out of it.  As it happened, I was able to  pay off our credit cards and loans with the sale of the house and now, we have credit to continue to manage until I return to work.  

We continue to be in Ann Arbor.  We are at a hotel near the hospital and will be here until the end of August.  Some teachers from Yanaq's elementary school began a gofundme page to pay for the cost of the hotel.  Yanaq is doing well and his doctor says he is responding well to the transplant and tolerating treatment.  He continues to have trouble eating.  He is on IV therapy at night time.  I will start work next week, only one day a week at first.  I hope to be up to 3 days a week by September 1st.  Yanaq cannot go back to school for 6 months to a year,   My husband is almost finished with the house we will move into - he has only a few more things to do before the water can be hooked up.  Then, we petition the city for final inspection and occupancy.  

So, things are coming together.  I never imagined having to start over at 53!  But, if my boy can get his health back, that is all that matters. Your financial support has made this tragedy so much easier to bear.  Your kindness and concern have been comforting and I cannot thank you enough.  

I hope you and yours are well.



As of July 8th 2018 and with a joyful heart I can say  Yanaq’s  blood counts are returning, he is free of infection, and his calorie intake is adequate.   Soon Yanaq will be going home. Thanks to all the donors that helped Jackie. While she may not have been on your team she is still a  teammate  in spirit.   Her contributions to our great university  opens a portal to the past that remind all Longhorns that she is part of UT heritage and has  contributed to shape the present and empower the future of UTOn behalf of the three TLSN board members- Benny Pace, Jim Kay, and Billy Dale- please support the TLSN mission by sending a $50 donation so that TLSN is prepared  to help the next qualifying individual.

Blessing to All,

5/26/2018   - letter from Jackie Campbell

Dear LongHorn Family,

I want to give you am update on Yanaq. This is his 9th day since transplant (day 16 in the hospital), and he is doing well.  There is a waiting time (usually 10-21 days) where all of his blood counts are low and while his brother's marrow is settling in and seeding.  We wait for his blood counts to return while trying to keep him free of infection and eating enough calories.  So far, so good.  We were fortunate to get a room at the Ronald McDonald House just across the street so his siblings and dad can stay there and visit as much as possible.  That is what seems to help him the most.  Overall, his spirits are good and he has a good attitude, pushing himself to do what he needs to in order for things to go well.  






I cannot thank you and all who donated to help us!  I really don't know what we would have done.  Instead of selling our home we most likely would have lost it.  You've allowed us to continue to keep our focus on what is most important which is helping Yanaq get well.    


Thank you!  Jackie












Jackie Campbell Quispe is the type of former Longhorn student athlete that TLSN seeks to help consistent with TLSN’s charitable purposes. Jackie is a former volleyball player from the mid-80’s and is the sole source of financial support for her family which include three children in college and four still at home, including her eleven-year-old son, Yanaq.  On November 17, 2017, Yanaq, was diagnosed with leukemia.   As a result, Jackie has only been able to work sporadically. 


Yanaq is in the blue on the fence. Jackie is second from the left 

 The goal of TLSN is to have funds available for grants to qualifying applicants without having to seek contributions from donors every time assistance is needed.  That  is not the present situation.  At present TLSN has raised approximately $15,000 in our general fund to help Jackie, but by the end of June the donor general fund account will be depleted.   Please donate to the TLSN tax exempt 501 (C) (3)  general fund so we can continue to help  Jackie  and other future  qualifying applicants.  


Qualifying applicants must complete a form and submit to the UT compliance department for approval for financial assistance, and the TLSN board must also complete due diligence to make sure the grant is used for the purposes intended.   Jackie's request for temporary financial help was  approved by both UT compliance and the TLSN Board in January 2018

The grant amount sent to Jackie as of the end of April 2018 is $9.183.00. The grant money has been used to pay for:

Company                              Purpose   

Besco                               Water treatment   
Semco Energy                   Gas furnace    
AT & T                              phone    
Kellogg Community           mortgage    
groceries                          groceries
Sprint                              phone     
Gas                                  car












Deb Collins sent me an email on Saturday about her brother.   Deb says " Billy Dale Terry goes in for his first radiation treatment, July 5th 6 weeks of it 5 days a week. Please keep Praying.............. DEB "   

Terry is a wonderful individual who brings joy and laughter to everyone he touches.  He was my roomate in 1967, and is responsible for corrupting me our freshman year.  Please hold him up in your thoughts and  prayers.  "Horns Up" for Teapot Collins as he undergoes radiation treatment.   

UPDATE 7-12-2018 from Deb Collins- Terry has started radiation treatment, chemo, and probably will need a temporary feeding tube.  


Teapot Terry Collins spout and handle are perfectly positioned as he sings the Teapot song at a  2004 reunion of the 1967 recruiting class.  








The Longhorn Teapot Saga - Terry Collins still wears the teapot "lid" with honor.  

 Team Picture

Team Picture

I believe the origin of the Teapot tradition began in 1957 with David Kristynik.  Just guessing- but since the Longhorns were known as "teasips"  maybe the teapot tradition was a logical transition.   

The term tea-sip (also spelled teasip, t-sip, or t sip) was started by students of Texas A&M University (aka. Aggies) in the early 1900’s to belittle the well-to-do students of t.u. The University of Texas was traditionally the “rich” school which pumped out doctors, lawyers and the like. A&M was the blue collar school which traditionally taught Agriculture and Mechanics (engineering).

I am not sure if the early Teapots  were  "short and stout" ,but I do know that by 1966 stature was the primary qualifier for the  wearing the  lid.  It was a harmless varsity hazing tradition  that required the freshman teapot to sing the teapot song before dinner each night at the dining hall at Moore Hill.  It was a tradition that brought a lot of smiles to many faces except maybe the designated teapot .  

Wikipedia says "I'm a Little Teapot" is an American song describing the heating and pouring of a teapot or a whistling tea kettle. The song was originally written by George Harold Sanders and Clarence Z. Kelley and published in 1939.[1] By 1941, a Newsweek article referred to the song as "the next inane novelty song to sweep the country".[2]







Still looking for names of all the Teapots and their images





The Longhorn Teapot Saga - wearing the "lid" with honor

So here are the names of the teapots so far.  If any of you teapots would like to make comments and send pictures please email me at    

1957- David Kristynik




1957- David Kristynik says   "Larry Stephens started it with me. Made me sing every day...either that or Bay City fight song or the teapot song at every supper. Angleton was in our district. When David came he took my place. Coach Royal even called him teapot along with others....I became squatty body.













1958 - David Russell


David Russell from Amarillo,Tx. Class of '58  says "I know my Freshman year (1958) I sang this almost every night. . To this day most of the guys call me T-Pot and in fact, Coach Royal and other coaches called me this most of the time. It has been a fun name to have, and I do not know why they decided to make me the T-Pot. I was short but not sure that I was that stout. I could stand on the table occasionally and perform and they liked that.  


To me this was one of the ways that upper class men and freshman could really have fun and bond in a non threatening way."

David Russell 1958-1962  







1959 ?

1960 ?

1961 ?

1962 ?

1963 ?



1964 - Bill McGuire from Colorado City, Tx. His son Clay coaches with  Leach at Washington State.  (No picture)











1965’s -  Craig Jolly (Jolley?) from Sweetwater 



1966- Charlie Copeland





















1967- terry Collins








1968- Jim Bertelsen 



I can confirm that Jim Bertelsen was our teapot (1968 recruits).  He lockered next to me and was fixated that Rick Troberman was shorter and he didn’t understand why he had to be the teapot.  I was unable to explain that it was a compliment.




1970- Charlie Banno 





1973- Johnny Mack Chappell  (no picture

1974-  Jim Yarbrough  (not confirmed) 

jim yarbrough.jpg
  • Elected to City Council in 2014
  • Term Expires in May 2018


BBA, University of Texas, 1977, with majors in Finance, Accounting and Real Estate.


James D. Yarbrough served as the Galveston County Judge from January 1, 1995 until December 31, 2010. He was elected Mayor of the City of Galveston in May 2014 and will serve a two year term. He is a native of Galveston and graduate of Ball High School.

Jim attended the University of Texas at Austin on an athletic scholarship and captained the Longhorn Southwest Conference football championship team. He was also named to the All-Southwest Conference football team and the first player in the NCAA to play as a graduate student. 

Jim is married to the former Carol Urbani and they have two children: daughter Ashley, her husband Dustin Dusek, and a son Beau, a graduate of the University of Texas, and his wife Erin, and they are the proud grandparents of Luke and Blake Dusek.




  • Galveston County Daily New Citizen of the Year
  • Boy Scouts of America- Bay Area council distinguished Citizen
  • College of the Mainland Outstanding Services to Education Award
  • Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership’s QUASAR Award
  • Communities In Schools Starlight Award
  • State Friend of Extension Services
  • Prevent Blindness – Person of Vision
  • Charles A. Jacobson Award – Bay Area Transportation Partnership



1975-  Jeb Batts ( no pictures) ,

1976-  Sammy Smith (no pictures), 

1977 - Ken Doan (No pictures)

1978- Kevin Burris (no pictures. 







Click on the text denoted in red font on the side bar to visit other sites in this grid.

Women's Sports History 1896-1977

Anna Hiss Favorite quote "A Sport for Every Girl and every girl in a sport"  



Most of the research for the history of Longhorn women's sports was derived from books written about Longhorn sports including the "Cactus" which has great photos of the history of Longhorn sports. All of the books  are listed in the credit section on this website.

In addition to these books there is one study and one thesis that discuss in detail the evolution of Women's sports at the University of Texas.  Miriam Richards writings delivered as part of the Capstone project in 2012, and Tessa M. Nichols, B.A. thesis written in 2007 titled Organizational Values and Women's Sport at The University of Texas, 1918-1993 add much needed professional depth to the the history of women's sports at UT Austin.  Tessa Nichols thesis  is one of the first attempts by any individual  to historically and empirically discuss the influence of the Longhorn Women's sports  leaders  Anna Hiss, Betty Thompson, and Donna Lopiano.  Miriam Richards link and a summary page of Tessa Nichols thesis are in the credit section and their comments are incorporated into the History of Longhorn sports on the TLSN site. 

This link takes you to Miriam Richards insightful work on the history of Longhorn women's basketball. The link is on the the Lutcher Stark Center web site-


It is stated in a report titled "A History of Women in Sport Prior to Title IX" Submitted by Richard C. Bell, Ed.D., J.D that prior to the 1870's women sports were recreational rather than competitive.  It was believed  that each human had a fixed amount of energy. If this energy were used for physical and intellectual tasks at the same time, it could be hazardous (Park & Hult, 1993). Horseback riding for pleasure, showboating, and swimming became fashionable, but women were not encouraged to exert themselves. Such physical activity for a woman was thought to be especially hazardous during the time of month she was “periodically weakened”  In 1874, as women were beginning to gain access to higher education, Dr. Edward Clarke published Sex in Education; or, A Fair Chance for Girls, which sparked a tenacious and acrimonious debate about the capacity of women for physical activity. He stated that, “both muscular and brain labor must be reduced at the onset of menstruation” ( p. 102). Manipulating science to reinforce established dogma prevailed for many years in spite of repeated examples of women who were perfectly capable of performing physical feats and intellectual tasks. Many early opportunities for women to engage in physical activity were thwarted as a result of this dogma (Park & Hult).

1896  Stanford and Cal Berkley basketball teams compete for the first intercollegiate championship 

The 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris introduces women's events, offering golf, tennis, and croquet.

The history of Women's Sports at the university of texas


Pearl Norvell is Directress of gymnastics.

January 13, 1900 Pearl Norvell organizes the First Women's basketball game at UT.  Miriam Richards writings at the Stark Center state that "Ideson and Whitis coed teams played four rudimentary 10-minute quarters in the basement of the old Main Building. Whitis won by a final score of 3-2. This first game set into motion the emergence of basketball as a popular sport at UT, especially among women."






Pearl Norvell is in the center with the ball. 








1901- Women's Basketball chooses different rules than men's basketball

  • In 1901 the men's basketball game is considered too rough for women so different rules are established. The players are assigned to one of three sections (see diagram below)  and once a player is  assigned a position she cannot move from that section. Only 3 dribbles per individual are allowed, and the player can only hold the ball for 3 seconds. Full court sprints or fast breaks were not part of the women's  game.   
  • These rules are implemented to reduce too much exertion which at the time many thought could "break something" that might hurt a players chance of being a mother. It is also thought that too much exercise "weakened" the womanly functions.
  • Dr. William Howard cautions "no girl with a nervous temperament should go into any athletic contest" because sports place  a strain on the nervous system. 



1902-Coach Norvell

Competition for Coach Norvell's Longhorn team consist of high school teams and the Austin YMCA. Women are instructed to not seek Individual recognition for their athletic skills.


Tennis Club


Miriam Richards says that "At the end of the 1902 season, The University's chose the first "all-star" team. The team receives recognition from the Texan, Cactus, and University Record publications as the varsity squad. Pearl Norvell serves as the coach and has eight players compete against the "Town Girls." The UT all-star team wins 7-4, with observers paying a 10-cent admission fee. However, men are not allowed to watch so many peered through the windows of the gym and cheered."

Miriam Richards states "With enthusiasm for playing basketball growing, Director Aden and the Dean of Women -Helen Marr Kirby- keep a close eye on developments of basketball at UT.  Basketball  teams are  not allowed to play off campus and several contest are cancelled due to  unidentified "unfortunate incidents" in the inter-class games. 





In October 1903, the Woman’s Building opened as the University’s first residence hall for women.  Many lawmakers were opposed to spending  $50,000 on construction of a dorm for women thinking that college women needed more supervision therefore should stay with Austin families.  A tie vote in the House required the Speaker to cast the deciding ballot to approve funding. 



The basement of the Woman’s Building was a  gym with pool, exercise area, dance classes, basketball, and running track.








Louise Wright replaces Pearl Norvell as Director of Physical Training. She helps organize a student run  Women's Athletic Association to coordinate all UT women's sports.

She  is instrumental is starting the tradition of awarding letters to Tennis players in 1904 and basketball players in 1906.  



Texas women host their first out of town competition. The Texan promotes the game as a contest between Baylor and Texas ,but the game is actually against Belton High School. Texas wins 12-6.




Physical training at U.T. becomes a requirement for all women students.






Louise Wright is instrumental in starting the tradition of awarding letters to qualifying women Tennis players.










1905-1921-  Eunice Aden

Eunice Aden is named named Director of Physical Training






Eunice Aden is instrumental in building a outdoor basketball court and the women's gym. She also continues to build on the tradition that recognizes  players accomplishments  with  "T" sweaters and blankets. 

Miriam Richards research states that  "Under the guidance of the Director of Women's Physical Education, Eunice Aden, recreational activities expanded". Basket ball teams are formed for each class (freshman, sophomore,... etc.)  During this period  basketball was the only sport with an intercollegiate component, but it is still primarily an intramural and inter-class event. "T" pins, letter sweaters, and a "Texas blanket" are awarded to those students who achieve the highest levels of participation based on a point system which is considered a significant achievement for female athletes on campus." 



"Letters" are approved for Women's basketball

1906 womens basketball.jpg




The Texas women's basketball team plays Its First Intercollegiate Game Against Southwestern University On Feb. 18th, 1907. Texas Loses 19-18.


1907 basketball

1907 Tennis club.jpg

1907 Tennis Club




Image of the 1908 women's varsity team is from the Dolph Briscoe Center

1909 and 1910


1911 w. sports.jpg

Basketball 1912



1914-  North Hall for Women's athletics



N. Hall known as the "shack" was acquired for women's athletics. Here is where the UT women's basketball players practice and play for over 15 years. Staying true to the ideals of the time, N Hall has little standing room for spectators-  particularly men.




In the early 20th century there was a reform in women's active wear. " The impractical clothing that modesty required impeded andy kind of physical activity.  In the case of swimsuits, the impracticality was also dangerous."  " The weight of the wet swimsuit posed real dangers of drowning."  Quote is from a picture hanging in the LBJ Library titled " Dress Reform and Sports". 





It was considered “unladylike” for coeds to get too rowdy so they only watched the football rallies. Yell leaders directed the group (sorry, ladies – men only!) in cheers. “Texas Fight!” and “Go, Horns, Go!” were not among them. Instead, one of the most popular was the Rattle-de-Thrat Yell. The program included rousing speeches by the head coach and team captains, UT president, and several deans. Students performed skits that often poked a little fun at the faculty.

womens fashions 1916.jpg

Thru the mid-1920s women were expected to dress fashionably and only allowed to clap, sing, and wave pennants. Yell leaders led only men in cheers. Any women caught "yelling" brought swift condemnation from the Dean of Women. Except for one day in 1916


One day in 1916




1918 w. tennis.jpg

1918 tennis 





1920 Longhorn Sports

"The suffrage movement and passage of the 19th amendment in 1920 renewed the emphasis on women's freedoms resulting in modest gains for women in sports.  The onset of the Great Depression in 1929  negated most of those gains.  Millions of American were unemployed and there was a push to keep women at home and out of the workforce.  Not until WWII would women again enter the public sphere in large numbers. "  Quote is from a picture titled "Education and Athletics" found in the LBJ Library. 


The "T" sweater

1921-1957  Anna Hiss Heads The  Women's Physical Education Department.


In 1919 and 1920 Anna Hiss supports the creation of the W.A.A. a student let Women's Athletic Association.  Tessa Nichols states in her thesis that "the promotion of student involvement in the governing bodies of women's collegiate sport was one of Hiss's strongest and most commonly overlooked convictions." 





Top of the charts 1921






Texas Woman's University offers the first Texas degree program for physical education.


History of the struggle for women's sports  (8).jpg

Anna Hiss

Texas Woman's University offers the first Texas degree program for physical education.

In Tessa Nichols thesis titled  Organizational Values and Women's Sport at The University of Texas, 1918 -1992 she states that Anna Hiss has to deal with societies "fear of the masculinization of female athletes".  Hiss's tenets focus on "individual activity" played in moderation in a strictly female space with the goal of promoting "health , fun , and sportsmanship" "without fear of sexual harm or the taint of masculinity." "The underlying principle" for women's sports  is  to "play for play's sake". 

Hiss continues to de-emphasize team competition in the sports curriculm.


Only the 20 best UT swimmers make the Turtle club. 



1922 Women's World Games, held in Paris, included the first regular track and field competitions for women.



Swim Club



Anna Hiss is instrumental in forming a state physical education association for women.







The inter-class basketball team above won the first Co-op silver loving cup.  


Tennis competition is set up on a ladder system.     Lower individuals on the ladder can challenge higher people.  If the challenger wins she replaces the higher seeded individual.





UT Austin creates a college of Physical Education.



Tennis is considered the most developed major sport among the co-eds unless inter-collegiate athletics are added to the curriculum. 


A low point for women's sports.  The Cactus did not even cover women's sports in 1925.




PH.D. D.K. Brace is the first head of the Department of Physical Education. He develops the first Master's and Doctors degree programs in Physical education in Texas. (data from the "History of Physical Education in Texas: an analysis of the Role of D.K. Brace." Ph.D. dissertation , USC 1967) .

AAU has the first -ever national women's basketball championship.



Clubs are the primary source of inter-group sports competition. The clubs goal  is to help "girls" who complete the physical training courses enhance their skills and compete with the best anywhere. The governing body is the Women's Athletic Association.  

1928 w. tennis.jpg

1928 Tennis

golf woment 1928.jpg

Golf 1928



The first course of study  for women in physical education is implemented.   Physical Education credit  toward high school graduation was accepted,  but the credits did not count toward admission to college. 

















The Texas relays features a marathon for women only.  The media promotes this event as "A race which has no parallel in Texas sporting history".  No Texas Longhorn women participates in the Texas Relay marathon, but the fact there are Women Marathon runners proves that women are capable of  competing in "stressful" sporting events. 




Anna  convinces the University administration that UT is falling behind other major universities in the development of  on campus women sports facilities.   

She was the oldest living inductee in the Texas Sports Hall of Fame and a female tennis pioneer, an amazing & compassionate woman and strong believer.

The Texas Tennis Museum and Hall of Fame Inductee Eugenie “Jeannie” Sampson Kamrath Gonzalez

 Eugenie “Jeannie” Sampson Kamrath Gonzalez

Eugenie “Jeannie” Sampson Kamrath Gonzalez

Before her first marriage to Karl Kamrath, she was invited by famed University of Texas tennis coach, Dr. D. A. Penick, to play tennis on the UT Varsity men’s tennis courts in 1931—the first woman player to be so honored.  In 1932, 1933, and 1934, she was a finalist at the fledgling Houston Invitation Tennis Tournament which became the River Oaks Invitational Tennis Tournament—now the USTA Clay Court Championships.  Upon moving permanently to Houston in 1937, she was the first teaching tennis professional at both Houston Country Club and River Oaks Country Club, starting active junior programs at each.  


1931 and 1932  - Coach D.A. Penick celebrates a Tennis Conference Championship

 two new on Campus gyms are completed

1931 – Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned women from professional baseball in America. He felt that he needed to after a seventeen-year-old pitcher Virne Beatrice “Jackie” Mitchell stroked out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game.

Gregory Gym for men and Women's gym are completed. Anna's physical training department is  moved to the College of Arts and Sciences and the U.T.S.A. (University of Texas Sports Association) is formed .

The Women's Gymnasium was built during the depression to support the physical well being of up to 3500 women  Hiss played a crucial component in planning its construction having traveled around the country to examine existing gymnasiums. Women's Gym was completed for $400,000 and the facility included squash, handball, and basketball courts, dance studios, an archery range, a large swimming pool, and faculty offices. Hiss intentionally built undersized basketball courts to discourage spectators from watching, and positioned the baskets directly on the wall to keep athletes from playing out of control.   The  Women's Gymnasium is "Considered one of Anna Hiss's lasting achievements and a model facility during its day". 


The  Women's Gymnasium is "Considered one of Anna Hiss's lasting achievements and a model facility during its day".  There were lounges, club rooms, a regulation swimming pool, dancing studions , five gym, a library, wenty offices, golf cages, and practice tennis courts, .  It was one of the best facilities in the country.




Daniel Allen Penick,a distant cousin to Harvey Penick, is the first official Women's  Tennis Coach at Texas.  







Top of the charts







1933- 1935 is A significant year in the history of UT women's sports



In 1933 Anna Hiss convinces the Board of Regents to add a dues paying women's club sports program to the College of Physical activities. The sports include:

  • Texas Turtles-Swimming
  • Racquet Club-Tennis
  • Tee-golf club started in 1929
  • Archery 
  • Touche- fencing 
  • Poona- badminton
  • Strike and Spare- bowling 


  • tumbling 
  • Triggerettte- riflery 
  • Canter- riding

Turtle club - formed in 1920 and is the oldest and largest club.  





In addition the women sports programs also include baseball, track, basketball, long distance hiking, rowing, and horseback riding.

Tessa Nichols states in her thesis that Hiss "stepped out in a new direction that had not been previously tested at other universities."  The reason for the change is to "create more opportunity for advanced skill development in a "club" environment. While Hiss supported the Sports Club format, her lack of record keeping for the Club's speaks volumes of her innate beliefs stated by Tessa Nichols that "serious female athletes were still a highly transgressive concept nationwide".  For this reason Anna Hiss chooses not to record the history of skilled members of the "club" format.  This decision deprives the University of Texas an opportunity to  celebrate great women Longhorn athletes from this era. Their unrecorded stories have created a major void in the history of women's sports at the University of Texas.

The addition of Sports Club results in a necessary split from UT Austin intramurals.  Longhorns Woman's intramurals continues to develop an organizational structure based on competition between , sororities, dormitories, independent groups , and awards and honors were presented at the "T" banquet.



Women's intramurals includes tennis, deck tennis, ping pong, archery, golf, swimming, baseball, basketball, and hockey.  Form 1931 - 1935 the number of participants has grown 10 fold for a total of 3000 women entering tournament play. The bulk of the participants comes from sororities,  dormitories, and independent groups .   Awards for winning  were distributed at a "T-night banquet in May.




In 1936 Tex Robertson raises money for the UT men's swim team travelling the state of Texas (no women's team in 1936) by charging admission to see a travelling aquatic show and a beauty pageant contest. 



Tessa Nichols states in her thesis that "physical educators" abhorred the emergence of women city and industrial sports leagues  because   " they were run by men, emphasized intense competition....., and were produced for economic profit."  Cahn says  "They" (physical educators) "classified " the industrial and city leagues - composed  of   ".... working class, rural, and black youth-club, industrial, and semiprofessional athletics - as unladylike and unnatural for women".  Hiss's definition of lady like in female sports champions the "middle class" not the formation of industrial and city leagues. 

Hiss publishes an article titled  Girls Basketball Leagues; What About Them -and Our Responsibilities.   According to Tessa Nichols, Hiss wants to reshape the women city and industrial leagues to conform to the Universities definition of women sports.  Hiss "urged her colleagues to pursue involvement and opportunities of affiliation that would enable us to assist in these league tournaments". Hiss's goal is to "infuse leagues  with optimal standards", and "minimize exploitation of women by men".  




Incredibly, Hiss decides to add a "posture" contest to the portfolio of women sports.






1937 Betty Jameson enters UT and Harvey Penick gives her golf instruction.  Betty is the first women to every qualify for a men's varsity high school golf team in the state of Texas. In 1938 Betty Jameson wins the intramural golf championship at Texas.







Jane Dillard trains with Tex Robertson and sets the American and world records in the 100 breaststroke. 




 Basketball champs

Basketball champs

1940's- Recreational programs continue to expand . Intramural champions are crowned in multiple sports, and the Women's program offers offers a variety of club teams. 

1943 - Women's professional baseball replaced mens professional baseball during the war


Betsy Rawls is a freshman at Texas and studies physics. Harvey Penick molds her into one of the greatest golfers of all time. Betsy loved Harvey.  She said "his interest in students for their own sake rather than for the sake of his own reflected glory" won her over. Thru the years Betsy refers many other women golfers to Harvey .



Jane Patterson  is a pioneer in women’s aquatics and is the first Texas female to wear a tank suit. Undefeated from 1947-1955, she held every major state record when she retired. 

Jane is  inducted into the Texas Swimming Hall of Fame for her contributions to the sport as a swimmer, coach, and supporter of swimming in Texas. 



Professor Hiss is awarded a honorary doctorate from Boston University.

Betty Jameson and three other women form the LPGA.  Betty is in the first induction class to the LPGA Hall of Fame.



Top of the Charts 1949



The high school physical education association decided to  get involved with women's basketball by supervising the competitive activity.  Rules were established for women's basketball and a playoff system organized and sponsored for Class A and Class B high school. 



 1950's  Tennis Style

1950's  Tennis Style


Hiss description of women's sports as a "Play Day" is challenged.   Paraphrasing Tessa Nichols the issue of whether to sanction intercollegiate activities peaks in the 1950's . "Ideologies of women's sports and physical activity were changing". Female student athletes not the coaches led this campaign for more competitive opportunities.  Women start to rebel  against the stereotypical broiler plate description of a woman's role in society as "domestic". 

History of the struggle for women's sports  (3).jpg

Women are excelling at school and at work and the public's fear of powerful woman starts to wane.  A significant catalyst for the change in the perception of women's sports in the USA is triggered by the Russian's successful women's Olympic program. The USA is embarrassed by the performance of USA women athletes against Russian women, and the USA responds by opening a number "of fronts to broaden female participation in international competition". 

By 1954  21,000 girls were participating in League basketball and 8,700 in tennis. (data from the "History of Physical Education in Texas: an analysis of the Role of D.K. Brace." Ph.D. dissertation , USC 1967) 


The Balloon fundraiser

After Intercollegiate women sports are  sanctioned funds to compete are "minimal to non-existent." Capitalism solves that problem.   A fundraising event is formed to sell balloons for 25 cents each at the UT home football games. The balloons purchased are then released after Texas made their first touchdown. Some balloons never have the opportunity to be released in the 50's. Regardless, the balloon fundraiser is a success and allows for a  "limited travel budget" for Longhorn women. 



1957 another key year in the history of women's sports 

Professor Hiss resigns her  Directorship at Texas. 

Under the leadership of Anna Hiss Intramural sports thrive with "23 tournaments in 18 activities."  

Collegiate women seeking greater athletic opportunities moved closer to their goals in 1957, when the long-entrenched official position statement of the Division for Girls and Women in Sport (DGWS) was amended to state that intercollegiate programs “may” exist. In 1963, the DGWS view of women in sport evolved further to state that it was “desirable” that intercollegiate programs for women exist (Gerber, et al., 1974).



Top of the Charts 1957



1957 Champs @ Southwest Texas Sports  Day  (2).jpg

1957 Basketball



Reflection- Women Longhorn Sports 1921-1957

Tessa Nichols states in her thesis that Anna Hiss had a "remarkable level of success during her tenure at the University of Texas." She defends Anna Hiss  from the "many scholars (who) are quick to criticize 20th century physical educators for their traditionalist and overly protective beliefs, without giving adequate acknowledgement to the roots of their beliefs or to the accomplishments of their programs" that ultimately paved the way for Betty Thompson and Donna Lopiano's success's. 

During Anna's early years as "Director" she was influenced by  prominent women such as  First Lady Lou Henry Hoover who believes  that women's sports should focus on  "artistry.... over Athleticism". The dogma of this era stated that competitive team sports were detrimental to a  woman's health. For this reason,  many women and men opposed women participating in intercollegiate athletics.    

Miriam Richards research at the Stark Center states that  Anna was "steep in the nationwide philosophies of womanhood and femininity related to physical activity". Hiss thought that competitive basketball fell outside of the parameters of a sanctioned sport for women. She felt that basketball was unfeminine and dangerous and therefore the Hiss doctrine strove to develop and maintain  basketball as simply a sport of enjoyment. 

Sports that reflected her doctrine included tennis, golf, archery, swimming and interpretive dance. For almost a century  society  believed that a woman's body should be protected from the stress of too much competition, and that women's sports should reflect "modesty and dignity". 

Her credo for women sports included : 

  • moderate physical activity;
  • a de-emphasis on competition among women;
  • a focus on inclusive participation over individual achievement; and
  • female-run space to protect athletes from the commercialization and professionalization that was common in the "male model" of sports."  

In many ways  Hiss was a leader in the development of women's sports at UT, but in many other ways she was a follower. In reality the true trend setters for  the women's movement in sports are colleges and high school coaches who challenged the assumption that women should not compete in "stressful" team sports.  Only after the Texas UIL's  decision to reinstate competitive women team sports, the success of  colleges that promoted competitive team sports for women, and the AMA's endorsement of women competing in "aggressive" team sports did the University of Texas  finally concede that "stressful" competitive team sports are not detrimental to the "weaker" sex.  

By 1967 the myths about women and sports were dispelled and UT Austin Women's sports program begins to flourish. 

1957- 1966  

Jo Chapman takes over as interim Director of Intramurals  followed by Shiela O'Gara and Carolyn Hewatt.  More content on these individuals is pending. 

1963- An Important year in Longhorn women's sports

The Division of Girls and Women's Sports officials changes the "statement of competition" to encourage intercollegiate sports competition. The new direction by the DGWS supports a organizational setup that is equal to but separate  from the men's intercollegiate athletic department.  

By 1967 the women’s movement in sport was rapidly moving toward a status more in line with men’s athletics. In 1969, a schedule of national championships for women’s sports was announced that included gymnastics and track and field. Swimming, badminton, and volleyball followed in 1970



and in 1972, basketball was added. Women wanted an institutional membership organization similar to the NCAA. The CIAW was replaced by the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) in 1971. This set the stage for the struggle to control women’s athletics in the 1970s between the AIAW and the NCAA (Gerber, et al., 1974).



1961 at the top of the charts






In the early 1960s, the membership in the "club" format declines. The "Clubs" wanted more competitive opportunities so in 1966, after a petition from two sets of students to set up intercollegiate volleyball and basketball teams, the UTSA club format is declared defunct and intercollegiate competition begins.  However,The UTSA did not die abruptly. As late as 1972 the UTSA was still competing on a state level . 












In 1966 Coach June Walker has tryouts for the basketball team. The games are played in Women's Gym. There are three basketball coaches between 1966 and 1975- Dalton, Hansen, and Page.

In 1966 the women Longhorns also started intercollegiate competition under the Division of Recreational Sports in volleyball.

The total budget for the two sports for the first year was a laughable $700.  It was not enough to cover all of the costs so faculty members volunteered as coaches  on a non-pay basis and the team members shared a set of handmade uniforms, paid for their own transportation expenses, played on the undersized courts at the Women's Gym, and used second hand equipment from the physical education department. Regardless of the obstacles  1966 and 1967 represent  a defining points in the History of  the U.T. women's sports.  


In 1969 the AIAW (Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women) is  formed. A schedule of national championships for women’s sports was announced that included gymnastics and track and field. Swimming, badminton, and volleyball followed in 1970 and in 1972, basketball was added. 

The AIAW during the 1971-1972 academic season boasted of 278 charter institutions and 800 by 1981. The organization had lofty goals but that were not grounded in reality.


Page Elizabeth Bauerkemper  in  her 2013  report titled Beyond Sports: A Guidebook for Potential Collegiate Female Student -Athletes  states that In 1972 there were only 32,000 women on college teams receiving 2% of the athletic budget.  Title IX was about to change that percentage. 

The  1970's 

The mid 70's also represents some very  important defining moments for U.T. women sports.  With the implementation of  Title IX and the addition of  Donna Lopianos strong leadership skills,  the U.T. women's athletic department finally had a clear vision for success.  Unfortunately, there were budgetary restraints, lawsuits, UT bureaucracy, U.T. fiefdoms,  and  the stereotype definition of  a "women's place" that  Donna Lopiano had to overcome  before she could implement her clear vision. 

Other non-Longhorn special moments that influenced U.T. women's sports


1971 – The Amateur Athletic Union ruled that "certain women" could take part in marathons, provided they either started their race 10 minutes before or after the men or on a different starting line. The different starting line requirement was dropped in 1972.

1973 – Terry Williams Munz became the first woman in America awarded an athletic scholarship when she accepted a golf scholarship from the University of Miami.

1974 – The Women's Sports Foundation was created by Billie Jean King in America. It is "a charitable educational organization dedicated to increasing the participation of girls and women in sports and fitness and creating an educated public that supports gender equity in sport."

1976 – Women's rowing was added to the Olympic Games programme at a distance of 1000 metres.

1979 – Crystal Fields, only eleven years old, was the first girl to win a baseball Pitch, Hit, and Run competition in America. She competed against all boys in the finals.

1984 – The U.S. Women’s softball team won the championship in the first Women’s International Cup played in Los Angeles, beating China, 1–0.

1985 – The United States national soccer team was formed.

1987- The [American] National Girls and Women in Sports Day (NGWSD) is an annual day of observance held during the first week of February to acknowledge the accomplishments of female athletes, recognize the influence of sports participation for women and girls, and honor the progress and continuing struggle for equality for women in sports.

1991 – All new sports applying to be included in the Olympic program were required to feature women’s events.

1996 – Women’s soccer and women’s softball became medal sports at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta for the first time; both events were won by US teams.

2005 – The organizers of the New York City Marathon announced they would be rewarding the female champion $130,000, that is $30,000 more than its male winner received. This may be the first time a sporting event ever paid more to a female than a male in the same competition. It is also the largest first prize for any marathon

1968-1982 - The AIAW takes the lead in women's sports

The AIAW's first mistake is prohibiting athletic scholarships for women. The AIAW leaders felt scholarships would result in athlete-students instead of student-athletes.  The physical educators agreed with the AIAW's "no scholarship" rule because they knew offering  scholarships would require recruiting and recruiting resulted in less time teaching for the coaches.   The AIWA focused on the female student athletes education, not on athletic performance, and thus rejected the ‘win or die’ attitude of the NCAA. Instead, the AIAW emphasized participation in sport as the most important aspect and de-emphasized winning (Sperber, 1990).

The AIAW's second mistake is that after realizing that their first mistake on recruiting was inherently wrong and rescinding the "no scholarship" rule they chose to continue the policy of "no recruiting" for scholarships.   The AIAW policy board felt that " competition between colleges for athletes should be based on developing talent  rather than on institutional recruiting purchasing power". 

The AIAW reasons for "no scholarships and no recruiting" of women athletes were  noble, but human nature rejected  those standards.  Women Student athletes wanted equal opportunities.   The AIAW  "ideals" were dated in the past and in 1982 the organization shut their doors, and the women's program joined the much more commercial but highly successful NCAA. 



THE SITES ARE  "Donate" "Bridge Builders", "Que","TLSN","ARTICLES" "SPORTS", "MISSIONS", "Fan Site", "LOST TOO SOON", AND "SENTRY"


Terry Todd has passed away. His obituary is below.  Please read to learn more about his contributions to sports and weight lifting.

In lieu of flowers, the Todd family asks that contributions be made to the H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports to help build its endowment. Donations may be made by using the Donate Now button on the front page of the Stark Center website ( or via regular mail to: Cindy Slater, The H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports, 403 E 23rd St, Austin, TX, 78712. Please make checks to: "Stark Center-The University of Texas at Austin." All donations are tax deductible.

On Wednesday, July 11, per Terry Todd's personal request, a brief graveside service will be held at 10:00 AM at the Oakwood Cemetery Annex, just south of the U.T. baseball field. The street address for the cemetery is 1601 Navasota St, Austin, TX 78702, but the Todd family plot is best reached by turning onto Comal Street and then turning east into the Annex.

A public memorial service to celebrate the life of Terry Todd will be held on the campus of the University of Texas on Saturday, July 28 at 3:00 PM in the Connelly Ballroom of the Etta-Harber Alumni Center at 2110 San Jacinto Boulevard, Austin, Texas, 78712. Please visit the Stark Center's website at and register for this event so we have an accurate count for seating. Parking and other information will be included on the website as it evolves. For information call 512-471-4890 or 512-471-0995, or write

Terence (Terry) Todd—Writer, academic, journalist, champion lifter, coach, sport promoter, founder of the H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports at the University of Texas at Austin, and Director of the Arnold Strongman Classic, died in Austin, Texas, on Saturday, July 7, 2018. He is survived by his wife Jan Todd; his sister Connie Todd; his nephew Timothy Todd Ray and wife, Sheri Graner-Ray; and his "adopted" son Mark Henry, wife Jana Perry Henry, and their children, Jacob and Joanna.

Todd touched and helped reshape nearly all aspects of the field of strength training, brought the study of strength into academic respectability, and particularly helped create the modern sport of Strongman. He was involved in the birth and development of both men's and women's powerlifting, personally coached two of the strongest men in history—Bill Kazmaier and Mark Henry (and his wife Jan Todd, a pioneer in women's powerlifting), and was famous for his encyclopedic knowledge of strength history and his richly detailed, humorous stories. Todd also played a particularly important role in debunking the belief that lifting weights would make one "musclebound."

Terry Todd began life as the Beaumont, Texas, "First New Years' Baby for 1938," an achievement that also marked his first appearance in the newspaper. Although the Todds are an "old South Austin" family, his father, B.C. Todd, and mother, Ima Williams Todd, were then living in Beaumont where his father was founder and owner of KOLE radio in nearby Port Arthur. Terry, and his younger sister, Connie, appeared on their father's radio station during their early childhood in a show called "Uncle Dan, The Funny Man" in which their father read the Sunday comics while Terry and his sister commented. After the family moved back to Austin in 1946, Terry attended Austin public schools, was a stand-out Little League and Pony League baseball player, was a three time winner of the city-wide Cheerio-Top Yo-Yo Competition, and, in high school, won several Austin table tennis championships.

Todd's first serious sport was tennis, which he learned from his father and on the public courts at Little Stacy Park in South Austin. He played varsity tennis at Travis High School, and lettered in tennis at The University of Texas under Coach Wilmer Allison. After his high school graduation in 1956, however, he began weight training—at first simply to make his left arm as large as his dominant tennis arm—but then, as his interest in the capacity of weight training to build strength and muscle grew, he began full-body training and was soon playing varsity tennis weighing as much as 235 pounds. Coach Allison, like most coaches in the 1950s, warned Todd that lifting would hurt his tennis game and make him musclebound, a fact Todd intuitively knew then—and thousands of coaches know today —was simply not true. Todd finally gave up his scholarship rather than continue to hear about his bodyweight and decided to explore his strength potential.

After receiving his B.A. in English from U.T. Austin in 1961, Todd began working on a doctorate in the interdisciplinary History and Philosophy of Education program and used his graduate years as a time to weight train seriously. By 1963, when he won his first major title—the AAU Junior National Weightlifting Championships—he weighed 300 pounds. He then turned to powerlifting and won the first men's national championships in 1964, and, in 1965, the first official Senior Nationals in the sport. Todd was the first man to squat 700 pounds and the first man to total 1600, 1700, 1800, and 1900 pounds in powerlifting. He set numerous American records, and his best official lifts were: a 720-pound squat, a 515-pound bench press, and a 742-pound deadlift. Todd retired from competition in 1967 and reduced his bodyweight by returning to tennis which he played for many more years.

Todd received his doctorate from the University of Texas in 1966, writing one of the first historical dissertations on the subject of resistance training. In the mid-1960s, he moved to York, Pennsylvania, and worked as managing editor of Strength & Health magazine while still a doctoral student. Following graduation, in 1966, he began his academic career at Auburn University before moving to Mercer University in Macon, Georgia, in 1969. During this early phase of his career, Todd's academic focus was not on sport or strength training, but rather on the problems faced by America's schools. At Mercer, he founded the African-American Studies program in 1969, and ran a series of summer seminars that brought together the major intellectuals working to solve the problems of American schools in the 1970s. Educational theorists John Holt, James Herndon, and Edgar Friedenberg became life-long friends. In 1973, when Todd married Janice (Jan) Suffolk, Jim Herndon served as best man at their wedding. Edgar Friedenberg, then a main reviewer for the New York Review of Books and perhaps the most important public intellectual in the school reform movement of the early 1970s, played the pivotal role in Todd's joining the faculty at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1975.

In Nova Scotia, Todd's interest in strength and powerlifting became more central to his academic focus in part because his wife Jan was setting world records in powerlifting. In 1977, after Sports Illustrated profiled her in an article entitled "The Pleasure of Being the World's Strongest Woman," the Todds were invited to New York to make several TV appearances and visit the Sports Illustrated offices. That visit resulted in an assignment from SI for Todd to write an article about champion arm wrestler, Al Turner. Once completed, more assignments for SI followed, and among the most notable are his 1982 profile of Herschel Walker, "My Body's Like an Army" that Atlanta mayor Andrew Young arranged to distribute to thousands of Atlanta school children; his 1981 article on pro wrestler Andre the Giant that was discussed in the 2018 HBO documentary Andre the Giant (in which Todd also appears); and his 1983 "The Steroid Predicament," regarded as one of most influential articles on doping and sport of the 1980s. During his lifetime, Todd authored more than 500 articles in scholarly and popular magazines. He also authored or co-authored seven books including Philosophical Considerations of Physical Strength (2010 with Mark Holowchak), Herschel Walker's Basic Training (1985 and 1989 with Herschel Walker), Lift Your Way to Youthful Fitness (1985 with Jan Todd); Inside Powerlifting—the first book on the sport of powerlifting (1978); and Fitness for Athletes (1978). His final book, Strength Coaching in America: A History of the Most Important Sport Innovation of the Twentieth Century (with Jason Shurley and Jan Todd) will be published in 2019. He and Jan also began the important academic journal Iron Game History: The Journal of Physical Culture in 1990 and have edited it for the past 28 years.

In 1979, Todd returned to Auburn where he established the National Strength Research Center at Auburn University, a training facility in which top-level strength athletes like Bill Kazmaier, Lamar Gant, and Jan Todd interacted with exercise scientists to help advance strength science. As his reputation as an expert on strength grew, Todd was often asked to do color commentary on TV and worked for several years as a "consultant on strength sports" for CBS television. Todd was also involved with the early TWI Worlds' Strongest Man Competitions both as a broadcaster and as a strength expert, and, in 1980, 1981, and 1982 he promoted his own "Strongest Man in Football" television shows.

Terry and Jan moved back to Austin in 1983 where he joined the faculty of the Department of Kinesiology and Health Education. With them came more than 300 boxes of books, photographs, magazines, and other materials related to strength training and physical culture. Todd had realized when writing his dissertation in the 1960s that many academic libraries had little information about strength training, bodybuilding, and weightlifting, and so he and Jan, began collecting such materials with the dream of one day establishing an academic library for the strength sports. The Todds realized that dream in 2009, when they moved what had grown to more than 3000 boxes and many pieces of art, into the now internationally famous H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports located in the North End Zone of the U.T. football stadium. Now used by scholars from around the world, the Stark Center has changed our understanding of what belongs within the field of "sport history". The Center is a repository for the large collections of physical culture and sport materials donated by the Todds, by UT Athletics, and by many other donors. It is also recognized as an Olympic Study Center by the International Olympic Committee. The Stark Center was yet another of Terry Todd's visionary ideas and he has been the Center's primary fundraiser. Todd was actively working toward an endowment goal of $10M needed to ensure the Center's future when he passed.

In 2001, Todd was asked by Arnold Schwarzenegger and his partner, Jim Lorimer, to create a Strongman contest for the Arnold Sports Festival, held annually in Columbus, Ohio. Now recognized as the most prestigious contest in the Strongman sport, the Arnold Strongman Classic Todd created has transformed the sport itself. Todd prided himself on offering the highest prize money in the sport and in creating events for the Arnold that measure true strength and not endurance.
Creating and running the Arnold Strongman Classic not only kept Todd at the forefront of the Iron Game but also led to new opportunities for Todd to unite history and strength in a series of documentary films for which he served as producer. Sponsored by barbell and equipment manufacturer Rogue Fitness, of Columbus Ohio, the documentaries are available free on Rogue's Facebook page and include Levantadores, about Basque rural sports and stonelifting in Northern Spain; Stoneland, exploring the strength traditions of Scotland; a new 90-minute film on Iceland's strength traditions that will premier this summer, and biographies of strongman Eugen Sandow and Louis Uni.

Todd's is an unmatched legacy in the history of the Iron Game. He was inducted into the International Sports Hall of Fame in 2018; received the National Strength and Conditioning Association's highest honor—the Al Roy Award—in 2017; was honored as a "Legend" by the Collegiate Strength and Conditioning Coaches Association in 2009, has been inducted into both the men's and women's powerlifting halls of fame, and, in 2013, received the Honor Award of the North American Society for Sport History for his contributions to that academic field. As a long-time friend said when they learned of his passing on Saturday, "It may seem that our world is a bit weaker today but actually we are all immeasurably and eternally stronger for having known him."

On Wednesday, July 11, per Terry Todd's personal request, a brief graveside service will be held at 10:00 AM at the Oakwood Cemetery Annex, just south of the U.T. baseball field. The street address for the cemetery is 1601 Navasota St, Austin, TX 78702, but the Todd family plot is best reached by turning onto Comal Street and then turning east into the Annex.

A public memorial service to celebrate the life of Terry Todd will be held on the campus of the University of Texas on Saturday, July 28 at 3:00 PM in the Connelly Ballroom of the Etta-Harber Alumni Center at 2110 San Jacinto Boulevard, Austin, Texas, 78712. Please visit the Stark Center's website at and register for this event so we have an accurate count for seating. Parking and other information will be included on the website as it evolves. For information call 512-471-4890 or 512-471-0995, or write

In lieu of flowers, the Todd family asks that contributions be made to the H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports to help build its endowment. Donations may be made by using the Donate Now button on the front page of the Stark Center website ( or via regular mail to: Cindy Slater, The H.J. Lutcher Stark Center for Physical Culture and Sports, 403 E 23rd St, Austin, TX, 78712. Please make checks to: "Stark Center-The University of Texas at Austin." All donations are tax deductible.



2017 NATA Hall of Fame

Two Longhorns - Mike O’Shea and Kathy Dieringer were inducted  and presented their T-Rings by Allen Hardin.

Terry Todd Honored with Alvin Roy Award for Career Achievement

Jul. 14, 2017

Terry Todd has been honored with the Alvin Roy Award for Career Achievement by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA). This award recognizes those who have contributed significant research and understanding to the field of sports conditioning in training over an individual’s career.

Todd is the director and founder, along with Jan Todd, of the H.J. Lutcher Stark Center – the world’s most extensive collection of materials relating to sport and physical culture. The Stark Center serves as a library and research center, supporting research on health and performance, and the significance sports contribute to culture and society.



Todd has career achievements as a professor in several universities, lecturing on subjects relating to drugs in sports, conditioning, and sport/fitness history. Currently, Todd is a faculty member for the Department of Kinesiology and Health Education. He also has contributed to the study of fitness and training through several books and articles in popular and academic publications on the subject.