1984- “The University President’s Commission began to assert its authority and called a special convention to be held in June of 1985. This quick assertion of power by the President’s of the universities led one sports writer to conclude that ‘There is no doubt who is running college sports. It's the college presidents."' “Over time, however, the presidents were gaining a better understanding of the workings of the NCAA, and they were beginning to take far more interest in the actual governance of intercollegiate athletics.
1991- Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court Warren E. Burger, issued a report suggesting new procedures for the investigation process for infractions. The purpose of the review was to “make sure that the process is handled in the most effective way, that fair procedures are guaranteed, that penalties are appropriate and consistent”.
1994 - The University president’s involvement with the NCAA had grown to the extent that they had changed the very governance structure of the NCAA, with the addition of an Executive Committee and a Board of Directors for the various divisions, both of which are made up of presidents or chief executive officers.
REGULATING INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS MARQUETTE SPORTS LAW REVIEW VOLUME 11 ISSUE 1 FALL ARTICLE 5
“ As the role of television and the revenue it brings to intercollegiate athletics had grown in magnitude, the desire for an increasing share of those dollars had become intense. In time, however, a group of powerful intercollegiate football programs were determined to challenge the NCAA's handling of the televising of games involving their schools. In NCAA v. Board of Regents, the United States Supreme Court held that the NCAA had violated antitrust laws. This provided an opening for those schools, and the bowls that would ultimately court them, to directly reap the revenues from the televising of their football games. This shift has effectively created a new division in football called the College Football Association, which is made up of the football powerhouses in Division 1. Because these schools have been able to funnel more television revenues in their direction, which has led to increases in other forms of revenue, they have gained access to resources that have unbalanced the playing field in football and other sports. “
Recruiting student athletes slowly morphs into a research laden process requiring full dossiers on each potential student athlete, but recruiting mistakes are still made.
Abe Lemmon once said “doctors bury their mistakes, but mine (recruiting) are still on scholarship”. Coach Lemon concedes that “it’s the worst part of coaching”. The annual search for high school talent is one of the most pressure filled parts of college sports. Recruiters can’t read the players mindset so they make decisions based on the high school athletes past performance including agility, performance, and quickness.
It is the intangibles where most recruiting mistakes are made.
Many great athletes just lose interest in the sport. It can be caused by homesickness, a girlfriend at home, or just sports burn-out. In 1978 Booger Brooks from Andrews was a great running quarterback who Coach Freddie Akers needed for his offense. Brooks signed with Texas, but he packed up his car and went home before he ever took a snap in a game. His heart was not in football. He loved the rodeo and wanted to be a welder. Akers tried unsuccessfully to talk Brooks out of leaving UT, but he left the game with the comment “People were just a lot more serious about football than I was. To me it was always just a game”.
Others leave the program because of timing issues. Mike Presley was a great athlete who could have started for many other football programs, but Mike had to compete against Marty Akins. Mike never got the starting job so he left the Longhorn program his senior year. While Priest Holmes did graduate from Texas he was in the same position as Mike Presley. After suffering an injury, Priest was Heisman trophy winner Ricky Williams back-up.
However, the primary intangible that recruiters cannot judge is a players ability to adjust from home life to college life. Many athletes are unable to adjust to all the freedoms and responsibilities of college. Immaturity, poor role models, bad study habits, lack of discipline, little foresight, inspirational and motivational deficiencies, and alcohol abuse result in a loss of a free education.
Author and former Longhorn football player from the 1940’s R.E. Peppy Blount book titled Mamas, don’t let your babies grow to play Football Blount question is still relevant in 2019, “ How does one quell the recruiting abuses of the paunchy, overzealous alumnus, whose fool brains, understanding — and ability in most instances— never got any higher than their stomachs”?
1) In the early 30’s Tex Robertson won the national championship as a swimmer at the Junior College level. He then received a scholarship offer to USC as a freshman and then transferred to University of Michigan to swim and was once again listed as a freshman. The NCAA finally caught up with Tex, and he was ruled ineligible to swim for Michigan during the 1936 season.
2)When Tex Robertson took the head swimming job at Texas in 1935, he had no scholarships to offer swimming athletes , but he still offered scholarships to some of the best swimmers. “Tex solution was to pay for as much of the Longhorn swimmers’ scholarships as he could with his own money. Admirable but clearly not allowed under NCAA rules. Coach Reese the present Coach of the Longhorn swimmers said Tex help was “morally fine, ethically fine but NCAA’-LY , he was a dead man”. Fortunately the NCAA in the 30’s was still not enforcing many of the rules the institution implemented, and Coach Robertson was not punished.
3) Joey Aboussie was an All American in high school and many universities were “bidding” for his service under the table, but he still chose Texas with no bribes offered . Joey says most of the bribing came from the alumni not the coaches. Joey like many other recruits said he was not prepared for the pressure put on him to sign from recruiters.