When  water was for Sissies By Billy Dale

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Heat Stroke

 

Joe Good  is a fictional football player trying out for the  Core Heat  AA High School  football team  in a West Texas town in 1961. It is a time when Coaches  believed that drinking water during football practice was for sissies. 

 

During the first 4 minutes of conditioning drill on the first day of practice on a hot humid day in late August 1961 Joe Good would become another statistic of the "water is for sissies" conviction.   Joe died when his core temperature  reached 108 degrees and all his organs shut down. 

In 1961 the medical professionals were still researching the significance of  dehydration in the death spiral.  Joe Good  died because dehydration made his blood thicker which increased his  heart rate and decreased the amount of blood his  heart could pump with each beat. To exacerbate Joe's problem dehydration made it harder for his fat to get into his  muscles to be used for fuel. Instead  his  muscles burn the limited sugars (glycogen) already there. 

Since the full dynamics of  the role dehydration playsed in  heat stroke was unknown  to the Coaches at  "Core Heat  High School " , they continued to use proven techniques learned from past generations of Coaches  to “motivate”  their athletes.  Screaming, cajoling, and insulting remarks were some of the tools used, and it was  during conditioning drills that all these  "motivational" techniques came into play.

Conditioning drills allowed Coaches insight into the “character” of their athletes. It was a time to separate  the “sissies” from the winners.   All the players knew not to  ask for water during work-out  because it was tantamount to admitting to a  character flaw and a weak spirit. Only sissies asked for water was considered a truism and remained unchallenged until 1962.

 

On the day of Joe’s death his brain sent him a message. It told him  to slow down because  he was fatigued and  his core temperature was rising.  Joe did exactly what his mind said,  but the Coach interpreted Joe’s slower pace as laziness and gave Joe a symbolic “kick in the butt" using cajoling and derogatory remarks as the "motivational" techniques of choice. 

This was a flawed  technique  for Joe's particular personality traits.  Joe was a proud individual who wanted to make the team at all cost so the verbal kicks  were not effective.  His Coaches  comments  only  served to embarrass him in front of his peers.  According to Coach Darrell Royal  “ When you take  pride away from a player, you've destroyed the best tool you've got.  If you hurt him, you've hurt the team."

 

 

Joe's pride was hurt, but his motivation to make the team remained intact.  Joe was a  normal  17 year old boy  trying to find his way in life.  He wanted recognition and a sense of belonging. Football offered him that chance.  He wanted the adoration of all the pretty girls ,  attention at parties, respect from peers, and recognition from the residence of his hometown.  He had no desire to play beyond his high school years, and a college education was not in his future.  Making the team would be a major benchmark in his life.    Joe was willing to use samurai warrior techniques to make the the team so he pushed himself harder during the conditioning drills.   Joe's decision to push harder  when his mind said slow down was the final bad decision in a perfect storm of events that took his life .  

Joe's positive attributes- a hard working attitude, determination to succeed , and his never quit mentality-  combined with a hot humid day , a coach who pushed too hard, and his  refusal to listen to his body caused his death.   If only one of these factors had not been present  Joe would still be alive.

Joe’s death was only covered locally. A reflection of the national mindset of the media and  general populous in  the 60’s.   A death of an athlete at practice was not worthy of national news.  Everyone of course was sad at Joe's  passing, but fans who loved football understood that “inherent uncontrollable risks” are part of the game and Joe knew that risk.    One year later two events will shock the sports  world.  All would learn that dying from dehydration is a controllable and preventable death.  

One year after fictional Joe Good passed away  two real heat related deaths in the SWC would expose the belief that water is for sissies as a fraud.  It would forever change the dynamics of  hydration at practice.

Most coaches at the University level prior to 1962 followed the “truism” that  water is for sissies.   Royal’s football program adhered to this belief. Coach Royal wanted tough players so he had tough workouts with lots of conditioning.  I know because I played for him in the late 60’s on two national championship teams. Royal said  "Football is a physical contact, spartan game.  You don't go out there for any taffy-pull......"  Under Royal’s regime only the strongest survived.  

 Pat Culpepper’s played ball for the Horns in the early 60’s and he wrote an Orange Blood thread about what happened in 1962 that finally exposed  “water is for sissies”  as an imposter. 

 He says,  “We (Longhorns) had come through two weeks of full pad practices in the Austin heat and humidity. There were water breaks for the first time because of heat problems around the Southwest Conference. In fact, we had five players taken to Breckenridge Hospital with heat dehydration. Only one never made it back - Reggie Grob from Houston. He died along with the senior captain from SMU, Mike Kelsey. Doctors thought the new plastic shoulder pads had something to do with the heat problems. Most of us wore expensive leather shoulder pads that actually got wet with our sweat which let some air through the jerseys while the plastic pads encased the player and did not allow any air. Before those youngsters died we never got water breaks, but our head coach Darrell Royal, as other coaches learned a tragic lesson. We went to Reggie's memorial service in Houston as a team in two buses on Monday of our first game.

Pat is referring to the deaths of Mike Kelsey, the starting center for SMU  and Reggie Grob from Texas who had heat stroke on the same day as Mike but who survived for  17 days before succumbing to  liver and kidney failure.  Reggie  was 19 years old.  At the time of Reggie’s passing only salt tablets were offered to reduce dehydration during practice.   

 

 

 

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According to Jones Ramsey (Sports Information Director) Coach Royal was devastated by Reggie’s death and “collapses and cries” in the huge arms of Defensive Line Coach Charley Shria.

Bill Little said about Reggie " In a very real sense, his death meant that thousands and thousands have lived. Out of tragedy, he gave us all a gift. And that's why he's a legend".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The death of Reggie and Mike  was a wake up call.  Trainers and doctors, led by the American Medical Association, began immediate research on the effects of heat on the human body. Within a year, Universities mandated more liquids be served to athletes during work-out and games.

At the high school level changes in many states moved at a much slower rate than others.  For those who moved quickly  routines were strictly governed by schools and  State athletic associations and individual school districts  mandating limited practices during certain times of day,  and practice days without full pads so that athletes could acclimate to the weather.  For  those states who are moved slowly 58 years after Reggie Grob's death one state representative is still  struggling to pass a bill through the General Assembly that would require head coaches and assistant coaches of interscholastic or intramural sports to complete an education course on heat-related medical issues that could arise from a student athlete's training.  In  Kentucky in 2009  a coach faced reckless homicide and wanton-endangerment charges in connection with 15-year-old heat related death.  It was alleged that his players  were in full gear, and several of them  were denied water and told to keep running wind sprints -- called "gassers" -- in 94 degree heat, even after vomiting.  It was learned  that the boy who died was taking  amphetamine Adderall for an attention deficit disorder which affects the body's ability to thermal regulate.  The coach was acquitted by a jury in two hours, but another lesson was learned at the expense of a young boy.   In 2011  two football players and one coach died  after practise  in scorching temperatures. Stopping heat stroke deaths takes a combination of adequate hydration and coaches that understand  the symptoms of heat stroke.  Obviously ,some Coaches still have not learned this lesson

Who knew in 1961 that a lack of water in combination with plastic shoulder pads that did not ventilate  was a possible cause  for the death of  Mike and Reggie. Who knew in 2009 that combining  lack of water with a prescription amphetamines could precipitate a death. 

 

Education and  hydration are the answer to ZERO deaths.

Quite frankly if Joe had played ball in  2018 instead of 1961 he still may  have  died .  At the college level from 2000-2010 deaths due to heat stroke rose for the first time in 40 years- almost to the 1970's level .

At the college level based on an ANNUAL SURVEY OF FOOTBALL INJURY RESEARCH  from 1931 - 2014  by  Kristen L. Kucera, MSPH, PhD, ATC Director, National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill the worst decades  for heat stroke were in the 60’s and 70’s.

1960’s- 42 deaths   1970’s – 31 deaths    1980’s – 14 deaths   1990’s – 14 deaths    2000’s -  29 deaths

Some medical professional  believe  that the reason for the rise in heat related deaths in the 2000’s is due to the size of the high school players, and higher morning temperatures than decades ago. Many of the current high school athletes are enormous, but their  weight is more fat than  muscle and fat makes it harder for the body to dissipate heat. 

It is inexcusable for even one athlete to die from heat stroke in 2018. Shame on any  system that knows all the causes of  heat stroke, but refuses to follow protocol to prevent it.  Until  the system becomes more disciplined and educated  more preventable deaths of  young boys will continue and their  families will suffer the consequences.    Change the system and protect the boys!

 

Billy Dale- Proud member of the 1967 football recruiting class. 

 

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                             TLSN is building bridges to the  past, present, and future

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Darrell K. Royal - The Bridge Builder

 

 

 

DKR's Story is an Horatio Alger story. Born into poverty his curiosity, focus, and commitment to detail helped him reach the pinnacle of success as a football player and Coach.  

 

His journey into destiny begins with lessons learned in his youth, gains momentum during his years as a player at OU, accelerates during his Coaching years at Tulsa, North Carolina State, Mississippi State,University of Washington and the CFL, and peaks during his years as the Longhorn head coach.  

By the time Coach Royal is hired at Texas he has all the tools to build bridges except one.

 

 

 

 

He was Afraid Of Public Speaking

Once while an assistant Coach at North Carolina State he completely forgot his speech at a banquet. Royal said "I got up to talk and drew a complete blank. If you've never had this happen to you, you don't know how frightful it is and how painful it is ...... I finally Just said I am sorry and sat down." It was after this embarrassing episode that DKR said to himself "if I am going to stay In coaching I have to whip this thing (Fear Of Public Speaking) or get out and try something else".

The origin of Royalisms 

Royalisms  have their roots in country music and in his hometown of Hollis, Oklahoma.  Years ago  Royal said to me after Barry Switzer wrote his biography that chronicled his rise from squalor to the Head Coach of the Dallas Cowboys that   "Barry had no exclusive on being dirt poor as a young boy."  As a boy Royal also survived a tenuous family life  during one of the worst economic  periods in American history. 

In his younger days Royal was fascinated by a songwriter's ability to tell colorful stories in   2 minute song.   He  knew from the content  of the songs that the songwriters  wrote from experience and were "part of this world".   

He once said " I've stolen and copied ways of expressing myself from songwriters".  Royal learned from Country music how to make poignant  visual points in a sentence.    DKR learned at Texas that the press "didn't want a long, drawn out explanation".  He said "they wanted something they could  write, and they couldn't write a book. "   Once Royal understood what the press wanted  he started making insightful comments that were short, penetrating, and visual.  Someone tagged these comments as Royalisms and the name stuck.    Here is a sample of DKR using his  "songwriter" skills to deliver his message to the press in a form they wanted. 

 Coach Royal says of James Saxton “He’s the quickest football player I’ve seen. He gives you a thrill on a two-yard gain.

He is like a balloon full of air. When you turn him loose, there’s no telling where he’s going and when the play is over, he’s spent”.

However none of the Royalisms would have occurred without the ability to speak in public.  Enter Bill Alexander a consummate speaker  who helped Coach Royal overcome his fear of public speaking.  Bill told Royal to memorize The Bridge Builder by Will Allen Dromgoole and learn to tell it like a story and not a poem.  Go to the 5:45 mark  "Tribute to Darrell K. Royal" link  to hear Coach Royal recite the poem. 

Coach Royal did as instructed and learned a valuable lesson in the process. You can't imitate someone's speaking style or their mannerisms without coming across as phony so he decided to just be himself at speaking engagements. He commented "I do think that if you're sincere, even in a clumsy way, sometimes it might have some effect."  After this revelation and the inspiration derived from Country Western songwriters, Royal  finally created his own style and the Royalisms  started to flow and bridge building took center stage the remainder of his life. 

 

 

The book "The Darrell Royal Story" by Jimmy Banks states that at a young age boxing taught him that "over-respect for your opponent can be just as dangerous as under-respect." The video to the left makes Coach Royal's  point. One boxer was putting his bluff in on the other boxer. It did not work.

Coach Royal's teams were never bluffed by the opposition.  During the build-up to the 1963 National Championship game against Navy, the East Coast media and the head coach of Navy tried to bluff Coach Royal and the Longhorns.

 

 

East Coast free-lance writer Myron Cope stated that Texas is "the biggest fraud ever perpetrated on the football public... Texas plays the kind of football that was fashionable when players wore perforated cowhide helmets...Duke Carlisle executes a hand-off like A construction foreman passing a plank to a carpenter." East Coast sports writers also thought the Royal players were "slow guys with skinny legs and big butts." While laughing at Texas and Duke the East Coast Media portrayed Navy and Heisman winner Roger Staubach as glamorous. 

Coach Royal's response to all of this bluffing was a three word sentence.  "We are ready". The Longhorns won the game convincingly. In reality, the Texas win over Navy was the last hooray for the dominance of North East Coast football. Great football moved South And West and North East football never regained prominence.

Royal learns a personal lesson about small football players.  

He was  told in high school that he was too small to try out for the football team.  While small with medium speed, he did not know it. In his mind and in his spirit he felt bigger and faster than anyone. Because of his rejection due to size, Royal understood early in his coaching career that slow and small guys  who think they are big and fast are  great recruits. He knew these young men were winners because he also overcame size with  heart, attitude, and spirit. 

Royal's great teams in the 60's  had many players  who believed they were bigger and faster than they actually were, and they won. He often said about recruiting  "if I have to make a choice I'll take the cocky ,overconfident , conceited kid over the one who has so much humility he can't look you in the eye."

 

 

 

 

One of the Navy players in the 1963 championship game said competing against Jack Lambert in the NFL was easier than playing against Texas players. He said "the guy in my nightmare is George Brucks from Hondo, Texas "who weighed under 200 pounds, but  he took my head off all day long."    

Royal also gravitated to recruits with dreams. No great activity starts without a dream, and as a young man Royal dreamed of kicking a ball 90 yards, running faster than anyone, and getting a coaching job that he could never get.  

 

 

 

Royal was a great coach, civic leader, and ambassador for the University of Texas, but his most enduring legacy is building bridges for young Longhorns to cross. I am a product of his legacy. As a young man with dreams of greatness, Coach Royal built a bridge for me to cross so I could have the chance to fulfill my dreams.  In me he saw a young man who thought he was bigger and faster than he actually was and nurtured those beliefs. I did not fulfill my goal of greatness as a Longhorn athlete, but I did cross the bridge he built for me and found  new dreams that resulted in fulfillment in other forms. In life that is all a bridge builder can do. 

The greatest years of Coach Royal's life were inspired by a poem that helped him overcome a fear of public speaking. In the process the message of the poem was his epiphany. The poem directed him to his true calling which was to " youth whose feet must pass this way. This chasm which has been naught to me To that young man may a pitfall be. He, too, must cross in the twilight dim. Good friend, I am building this bridge for him.

Thank you Coach Royal for helping build my bridge.

Billy Dale proud member of the 1967 football recruiting class  

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Donna Lopiano a Longhorn sports Pioneer 

Most University administrations are slow to accept change. It took UT 50 years for Texas to concede that women could tolerate  physical punishment in competitive sports. Because of  the slow movement of change, pioneers deserve to be judged by a different set of standards. Success for pioneers may not be evident for 20 to 30 years making short term judgments of their accomplishments problematic.

By definition, Pioneers are risk takers and without them there is no beginning. Sports pioneers use vision, insight, resolve, and many other intangibles to excel. They are able to successfully implement new ideas,  and  remove obstacles that others could not master. 

In addition to dealing with the same problems that all administrators face in a athletic departments, sports pioneers must contend with the major obstacles inherent in changing or creating a new program.  Pioneers are restrained by small budgets, the ebb and flow of recruiting, and turf wars with other competing sports programs within the athletic department. 

While men overcame many obstacles to qualify as sports pioneers,  women overcame more. Before a woman could be acknowledged as an athlete, Athletic Director,  or coach they had to first secure equal rights- ask Donna Lopiano.

Tessa Nichols states that in the early years of the 20th century  women's sports were "circumscribed by gender norms and restrictive ideologies which delineated the acceptable ways in which women could perform in sports".  During those years "excessive" competition for woman was considered too "masculine". To eliminate the masculine aspect of sports the physical educators of this period decried record setting and personal athletic glory. The goal of Women's sports "aimed to ensure that the health and educational best interest for their women students were sacrosanct". 

It was not until the 1950's that a movement started that would  eventually correct many of the the bias's inculcated into the fiber of our society.  Sports led the way in this renaissance, and in 1975  "nothing in moderation" Donna Lopiano led the charge. Lopiano was a "ardent feminist" who fought for equal rights for women at a university that was dominated by a successful men's program. Aided by Title IX, the civil rights movement, and her take no prisoner leadership style, Donna Lopiano was the right hire at the right time in the history of  Longhorn women's sports.   

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Donna Lopiano was able to harness women's sports as a venue to  enhance  women's rights in other forums. 

Lopiano  corrected many of the gender inequalities that separated the men's program from the women's program including coaching salaries, dining hall access, and use of  the  training facilities.

Tessa Nichols' Master of Arts thesis titled ORGANIZATIONAL VALUES AND WOMEN'S SPORTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS 1918-1992 captures all the leadership skills of Lopiano.  Tessa's says that  Donna Lopiano built a successful Longhorn Women's Athletic Department by establishing: 

  • a performance team;
  • student athlete counseling services;
  • a psychological support system;
  • addressing health problems of  the student athletes;
  • a commitment to the student athletes welfare; and
  • the creation of the Neighborhood Longhorns. 

 

1975-1992  "Nothing in Moderation" Donna Lopiano makes her feelings known

 

1975 - the Master teacher

Lorene Rogers, The President of the University of Texas, accepted the Advisory committee on Intercollegiate Athletics for Women recommendation to hire Donna Lopiano. The committee stated that Donna's energy, strong vision, and dynamic intellect convinced them that Lopiano was the right person for the job.  

Donna Lopiano's budget in 1975 was  $128,000 with 28 scholarship available.

 

 

Donna Lopiano was long term goal oriented.

One of her first long term goals  was to hire full time coaches instead of using teachers who coached on the side.   She envisioned coaches as "Master Teachers". She believed that "athletics was not separate from education, but intimately connected" The word "Master" referred to the coaches as the very best in the sport they taught,  and the word "Teacher" stressed the need for coaches  to possess a sound "personal educational philosophy".  By 1982 all of the Coaches in the Women's Athletic Department  were full time employees and each coach was ranked in  the top 10 in the country  in their respective sports.

The second long term goal  was to move the Longhorns from  competing only regional to competing nationally  with a focus of playing at least 6 national ranked teams every season. 

The third Long term goal was to fund the maximum number of scholarships as designated by the organizational rules.

The fourth long term goal was to achieve an "exemplary graduation rate"  of no less than 95%. (Many parts of Lopiano's successful student academic model were adopted by the men's program in 2007.) 

Unlike Anna Hiss, Donna Lopiano believed that  a  sports organization structure could be created that valued winning, education, and student-athlete welfare.  Tessa Nichols states that Lopiano believed she could balance all of these factors and have great athletes and teams.  The transformation of her convictions  and long term goals into  reality are apparent.

Donna's 17 years as the Women's Athletic Director for Texas is unparalleled in College football history. 

 

 

  • One National Champion, 8 conference champions, and 8 tournament champions in basketball; 
  • Six conference champions in golf;
  • Three indoor track national champions, 2 outdoor track national champions, 8 indoor track  conference champions, and 7 out door champions in track;
  • Eleven conference champions and one national champion in volleyball;
  • Nine national champions and 10 conference champions in swimming;
  • One  national champion in cross country;
  • One runner up to the national championship , one semi-final appearance, and 8 conference champions in Tennis, and a 
  • 93%+ graduation rate.

Note: Softball, soccer,and rowing were not NCAA sports during Lopiano years as Athletic Director

Donna's success's in funding helps the Women's program grow

Funding for the department was derived from external and internal sources. Internal included Auxiliary ventures such as royalties from the sale of Longhorn merchandise, and voluntary student athletic fee. External funds came from independent sources which included private donors, The Fast Break Club, scholarship endowments, and gate receipts. 

In 1980 Lopiano's budget had grown from $128,000 to $850,000. IN  1987 the Women's Athletic budget was 2.8 million and in 1992 the Women's Athletic budget was  4.2 million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title IX changed the landscape of College Sports

 

The History of Title IX is in the link below

http://www.titleixtexas.com/history.html

In 1972 the Title IX civil rights act of 1964 was signed into law by President Richard Nixon. The amendment required all universities who receive federal funds to offer equal opportunities for men and women in athletics and academics. Universities were given 6 years to come into compliance with the new law. Interestingly, The NCAA initially raised money to fight the implementation of  Title IX, but by 1981 the NCAA was fully supportive of women's sports at the University level.

 Many may not know but from 1972-1982 the AIAW (not the NCAA)  acted as the  official college governing body for women athletics. It was the AIAW that crowned the  National Champions in women's sports. 

In A History of Women in Sport Prior to Title IX the author Richard Bell states the NCAA became concerned by what it perceived to be the potential weakening of its position as the dominant and controlling body of intercollegiate athletics. If Title IX was to apply to intercollegiate sports at all levels and women were to be elevated to a status equal to the men, its financial assets and political power were threatened. The first approach of the NCAA, when faced with the threat of equality in intercollegiate athletics, was to attempt to limit Title IX’s application. The NCAA tried to offer its interpretation of Title IX (Acosta & Carpenter, 1985). It encouraged a narrow interpretation of the law, excluding athletic departments from the scope of Title IX. The NCAA argued that because athletic departments did not receive federal funds, they should be excluded from compliance. Nonetheless, when the NCAA sought to limit the application of Title IX, it began to address the issue of control of women’s athletics in earnest.

The NCAA was a powerful adversary for the AIAW because of its wealth, political influence, and long history. The NCAA decided to introduce women’s championships for intercollegiate sports by offering the institutions sponsoring women’s sports a proposition that ultimately led to the demise of the AIAW. The NCAA offered to: (a) pay all expenses for teams competing in a national championship, (b) charge no additional membership fees for schools to add women’s programs, (c) create financial aid, recruitment, and eligibility rules that were the same for women as for men, and finally, (d) guarantee women more television coverage. The NCAA had earmarked three million dollars to support women’s championships. The AIAW could not compete with the NCAA inducements and the loss of membership, income, championship sponsorship, and media rights forced the AIAW to cease operations on June 30, 1982 (Festle, 1996). The AIAW sued the NCAA for allegedly violating the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, but was unsuccessful when the courts ruled that the market for women’s athletics was open for competition, therefore no anti-trust laws had been violated (Schubert, Schubert, & Schubert-Madsen, 1991).

 

According to the book Life of a Coach (The Story of Pat Weis) by Mickie Edwards the AIAW rules stated that a female athlete could transfer freely to any university because neither scholarships or financial assistance would be extended to the woman student athlete.  

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 In 1977 Bari Brandwynne excelled in golf and wanted to be a Longhorn.  Her dad was a bandleader at Caesar's in Vegas and two singer celebrities- Mac Davis and Don Cherry- called Coach Weis to discuss Bari's  great talent. Coach Weis sent Bari a letter stating that U.T. could not recruit her or pay her way to the campus for an interview. Bari understood the AIAW rules so at 17 she drove to Austin with her two dogs and met with Coach Weis. Bari became the youngest Longhorn golf member on the team.

In A History of Women in Sport Prior to Title IX the author Richard Bell states the NCAA became concerned by what it perceived to be the potential weakening of its position as the dominant and controlling body of intercollegiate athletics. If Title IX was to apply to intercollegiate sports at all levels and women were to be elevated to a status equal to the men, its financial assets and political power were threatened. The first approach of the NCAA, when faced with the threat of equality in intercollegiate athletics, was to attempt to limit Title IX’s application. The NCAA tried to offer its interpretation of Title IX (Acosta & Carpenter, 1985). It encouraged a narrow interpretation of the law, excluding athletic departments from the scope of Title IX. The NCAA argued that because athletic departments did not receive federal funds, they should be excluded from compliance. Nonetheless, when the NCAA sought to limit the application of Title IX, it began to address the issue of control of women’s athletics in earnest.

The NCAA was a powerful adversary for the AIAW because of its wealth, political influence, and long history. The NCAA decided to introduce women’s championships for intercollegiate sports by offering the institutions sponsoring women’s sports a proposition that ultimately led to the demise of the AIAW. The NCAA offered to: (a) pay all expenses for teams competing in a national championship, (b) charge no additional membership fees for schools to add women’s programs, (c) create financial aid, recruitment, and eligibility rules that were the same for women as for men, and finally, (d) guarantee women more television coverage. The NCAA had earmarked three million dollars to support women’s championships. The AIAW could not compete with the NCAA inducements and the loss of membership, income, championship sponsorship, and media rights forced the AIAW to cease operations on June 30, 1982 (Festle, 1996). The AIAW sued the NCAA for allegedly violating the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, but was unsuccessful when the courts ruled that the market for women’s athletics was open for competition, therefore no anti-trust laws had been violated (Schubert, Schubert, & Schubert-Madsen, 1991).

By  1980 the AIAW had renounced the "no" scholarship offer for women, but that decision came too late. Legal, commercial, and market forces decimated the AIAW membership ,and the NCAA became the governing body for all men and women college sports.  The Longhorn women's athletic program disagreed with the decision to dismantle the AIAW stating the NCAA's decision to dis-allow  student athletes in the governance of the organization and  "using its financial monopoly in men's sports to acquire women's sports" was wrong. UT was concerned that the NCAA was too commercially driven and considered student athletes as "investment property" and that women would not get fair representation in the male dominated NCAA. In Tessa Nichols thesis titled ORGANIZATIONAL VALUES AND WOMEN'S SPORTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS 1918-1992 , she states that  Lopiano commented in a interview that football spending was an "embarrassment of riches" and that football revenues should be "shared  among all the sports". 

Finally in May of 1993 - 21 years after implementation of Title IX-  UT settled all law suits for non-compliance issues related to Title IX by adding women's soccer, softball, and rowing to its list of sanctioned NCAA sports. 

 

The spirit of Title IX is now part of the great history of Longhorn sports as witnessed by the winners of awards presented at the Women's All Sports Banquets.   A sampling follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Definition of awards given at the Women's All Sports Banquet.

  1. The Women's Athletics Department's highest endowed scholarship honor - the V.F. "Doc" Neuhaus Endowed Presidential Scholarship honor was Established in 1976 as the first endowed scholarship in women's athletics, the Neuhaus Presidential Scholarship honors both athleticism and academics.

  2. Coca Cola Solid Citizen Award (given to the student-athlete whose community relations efforts have been exemplary) 

  3. The Texes Exes award goes to a male and female student-athlete annually who have displayed outstanding leadership and academic and athletic success, with each recipient gaining life-time membership into the Texas Exes Association.

  4. Big 12 Conference Scholar-Athlete Award is earned by  the senior who exhibits the greatest combination of performance in athletics, academics and community achievement.

  5. The Lorene Rogers Scholar-Athlete Award, presented to the senior student-athlete with the highest overall grade point average over her four-year UT career.

  6. The Jill Sterkel Leadership Award, given to the student-athlete whose exceptional athletic accomplishments have brought attention to The University.

  7. Big 12 Community Champion recognition goes to the UT women's athletics top community service volunteer.

  8. Angie Broussard Spirit Award is earned by the student-athlete who has overcome barriers and setbacks. It is the department's "Comeback Award".

  9. Arthur Ashe Jr. Sports Scholar Awards is awarded to minority student athletes who carry a GPA of 3.2 or higher. 

 

2016 HOH

 

 

 

2016 HOH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 HOH

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007 Texas Women's Athletics All Sports Awards Presentation

The awards presentation was underwritten by the University Co-op.

 

 

V.F. Neuhaus Endowed Presidential Scholarship honor -- went to Katie Robinson 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Big 12 Conference Scholar-Athlete Award went to Amy Burlingham soccer  The All-Big 12 standout, a four-year letter winner, 

 

 

 

 

The Lorene Rogers Scholar-Athlete Award, went to co-recipients -- twin sisters and cross country and distance performers Landra and Lige Stewardson. Lige Stewardson attended Harvard University for graduate studies. 

 

 

 

The Coca-Cola Solid Citizen Award went to sophomore basketball guard Erika Arriaran. 

The Barbara Jordan Endowed Scholarship went to sophomore track and field standout Alexandria Anderson

 

The Donna Lopiano/Jean Kaspar Endowed Scholarship was given to softball senior catcher Megan Willis

The Cunningham/Kaspar Endowed Scholarship, awarded to All-America First Team soccer defender and sophomore Kasey Moore 

The Arthur Ashe Sports Scholars were:

junior Delia Huang (Austin, Texas/Westwood HS), an All-Big 12 freestyle specialist and Academic All-Big 12 business major; (no picture)

 

Junior Temeka Kincy (Indianapolis, Ind./Lawrence North HS), an All-Big 12 middle distance standout and biology/pre-med major with a 3.68 GPA.

Senior swimmer Leah Avilla (Livermore, Calif./Livermore HS), an education major, Big 12 selection and Honorable All-America swimmer

 

 

 

 

Sophomore swimmer Hee-Jin Chang (Seoul, Korea/Phillips Academy), a government major, two-time All-American and five-time All-Big 12 selection in the free and relay events;

 

2006 Texas Women's Athletics All Sports Awards Presentation 

 

 

The Jill Sterkel Leadership Award went to tennis star  Petra Dizdar. 

 

 

 

 

 

V.F. "Doc" Neuhaus Endowed Presidential Scholarship honor - went to Osterman for the second year in a row. (for more on Osterman click on "softball"") 

Osterman received the Texas Exes Lifetime Award as the 2006 female recipient.

 

Big 12 Conference Scholar-Athlete Award went to All-America sprinters and relay specialists Sheretta Jones and  LaTashia Kerr ( use the search engine  for more information on Sheretta and LaTashia) . 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Lorene Rogers Scholar-Athlete Award went to Soccer goalkeeper Melissa Androuny (no picture) and rower Courtney MacIntosh. 

 

 

 

 

 

Darrell K Royal Endowed Centennial Presidential Scholarship is  awarded to volleyball sophomore Michelle Moriarty

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Donna Lopiano/Jean Kaspar Endowed Scholarship was given to softball senior Tina Boutelle

 

 

 

 

  • The Darrell K Royal Endowed Presidential Scholarships went to  junior Marshevet Hooker ( use the search engine  for more information on Marshevet).  and to soccer junior Karen Haight( use the search engine  for more information on Karen). 
  • The Barbara Jordan Endowed Scholarship went to junior track and field standout Michelle Carter ( use the search engine  for more information on Michelle). 

 

 

The Cunningham/Kaspar Endowed Scholarship, awarded to All-Big 12 soccer defender and sophomore Stephanie Logterman. She won a  NCAA and Big 12 postgraduate scholarship for medical School.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 Women's All Sports Banquet

 

Headlining the Women's Athletics award recipients were five student-athletes who received Texas Athletics' highest departmental honors.

 

Jamie Carey receives the The Coca Cola Solid Citizen Award and the Texas Exes Lifetime Award. 

Alexis Garcia receives the 2004-05 Big 12 Conference Scholar-Athlete Award.  

 

 

 

 

Nina Norman received The Jill Sterkel Leadership Award

 

 

 

The Lorene Rogers Scholar-Athlete Award, went to softball outfielder Melanie Jarrett. (no picture)

Danielle Kowalski recieved the Big 12 Community Champion as UT women's athletics top community service volunteer. (no picture)

Annissa Hastings is  recipient of the Angie Broussard Spirit Award (no picture) 

Five student-athletes also received the Arthur Ashe Jr. Sports Scholar Awards.

  • volleyball sophomore Dariam Acevedo
  • soccer senior goalkeeper Alex Gagarin 
  • Jullie Gailey , a kinesiology major and a Big 12 All-Academic First Team standout
  • softball senior Alexis Garcia, who also received the Big 12 Scholar-Athlete Award
  • junior track and field standout LaTashia Kerr 

 

Image below is from Texassports.com

In 2012 there were approximately 200,000 females benefitting from Title IX and participating in  NCAA sanctioned sports.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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